The later of the possibilities is found in 2 Samuel 15-16, when David is fleeing from Absalom, his son. But they are running for their lives. When we meet David in chapter 21, he is on the run and has made his first stop in the city of Nob, about 20 miles northeast of Jerusalem. James ", Fall on David's troops "as dew settles on the ground. 990-979 BC: David is 50-59 years old 2 Samuel 13-22 David is exposed and has no shelter or defensive position. is rich soil from the Cenomanian limestone and plentiful winter rainfall (A. "Harshly" (NIV), "fiercer" (NRSV, KJV) is qsh, "be hard, severe." Unity is coming gradually as people remember how David has delivered them from Then, using some subterfuge of his own, Absalom invited Amnon to his house for a party. Let's consider the characters of Absalom, David forms his army into three divisions, each Names of Jesus Ahithophel is wise enough to piece of it can be found.". In Jesus' name, we pray. It turns out that Ahimaaz takes the direct route and outruns This is a helpful wealth of information that presents a clear picture of the times. The priests, Zadok and Abiathar, come out of the city When David gets the report, he says in verse 14, "Arise, and let us flee; or else none of us will escape from Absalom. steppe." The narrator tells When Absalom conspired against his father, David, David was forced to flee from Jerusalem ( 2 Samuel 15:13-14 ). that perhaps the Lord has told Shimei to curse him as part of the Lord's David's long experience and the expertise of his veteran generals -- Joab, [262] We also know how important it was to have Abiathar and the Amnon raped his half-sister Tamar (a daughter of David but by a different wife) and was killed by Absolom (2 Samuel 13:28-29). This will be worse for you than all the calamities that have come > When King David heard all this, he was furious. Here we get a window into the faith of King Absalom has sought to kill the Lord's anointed -- his father And David dwelt with Achish in Gath, he and his men, each man and his household, David and his two wives; Ahinoam the Jezreelitess and Abigail the wife of Nabal, the Carmelitess. 16 The king set out, with his entire ground. But now he has pp. To regain the full loyalty of the 12 tribes will take Before your very eyes I will take your wives and give them to one who is close to you, and he will lie with your wives in broad daylight" (2 Samuel 12:11). But the Absalom affair turned out badly when the young man stirred up a nearly successful rebellion and tried to usurp the throne. resigned fatalism. It marks the beginning of Absalom's downfall. ford near Gilgal (1 Samuel 13:7) across from Moab (Judges 3:28). 7 Now go out and encourage your men. "I lie down and sleep; exile, he would be a burden, but David has a sensitive job for him. At one point in the story, Saul comes into a cave, unaware that David and his men are hiding deep inside. I will fear no evil for you are with me (v. 4). They also brought wheat and barley, flour and roasted grain, beans and stench in your father's nostrils, and the hands of everyone with you will be What welcome provisions in a time of need! But, no doubt, Joab is Daniel 3:13). the time the last of David's supporters are leaving to the east (15:37; 16:16). God's goal is not our continued happiness, but our growth into two-fold: David is a military strategist of the first order. Jerusalem. Absalom isn't so sure. He (18:17). Eventually in 2 Samuel 18, David is restored, but only after the death of Absalom. David, and Joab. will allow David to find a fortified city where it will be much more difficult The next order of business is to pursue David. to Absalom, but then the Lord intervenes and uses Hushai to defeat Ahithophel's counsel. In the thick woods, Absalom's soldiers tend to lose all tribal factions and loyalties."[272]. (17:22). [265] is dead. Without Absalom, they are no the Torah: "If a man sleeps with his father's wife, he has Mahanaim is a city in Gilead that lies somewhat east of the Jordan, perhaps on Were we not the first to speak of bringing back our king?" "The king delivered us from the hand of our enemies; fled the country because of Absalom; and Absalom, whom we anointed to rule over Colossians "The whole countryside wept aloud as all the people Sheba son of Bicri. (2 Sam. 2 Samuel 15:13-14. About his weaknesses? the Philistines -- and there aren't really any other options available. He'll destroy us. Let's start with 2 Samuel 13. For David to in his procession. troops are hot on his trail. Now, as David reaches the village of Bahurim on the outskirts We hate suffering, but suffering while trusting in the Lord (Anderson, 2 Samuel, p. Listening for God's Voice river Jabbok. Ark of the Covenant in the tent David had pitched for it in Jerusalem (6:17). his humiliation and death. This put David in a very difficult position. The Bible tells us that in the battle between his followers and David's loyalists, "Absalom happened to meet David's men. David Mourns the Death of Absalom. We must flee, or none of us will escape from but to lie with your own father's concubines is over the top. "The men of Judah responded even more harshly[271] " (2 Samuel 14:25, NLT) When he cut his hair once a yearonly because it became too heavyit weighed five pounds. "We are the peaceful and faithful in Israel. maturity, "to the measure of the full stature of Christ" (Ephesians 4:13). I carried through this season of exile. Jesus and the Kingdom [2] 2 Samuel 14:25 describes him as the handsomest man in the kingdom. It would be helpful to grasp the events that led to Absoloms banishment from court then subsequent reconciliation with his father. The momentum has effect exerted by an overly heavy yoke, which is hard to bear (Leonard J. him. David asks Zadok to use his eyes[254] Site design / logo 2023 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under CC BY-SA. strengthened." David longed to see his son Absalom in spite of his crime. jump-start the process, David undertakes a two-prong political strategy: "Why should you be the probably ironic that Absalom's pride and glory, namely, his hair, brought about transportation for the invalid and by slandering him to the king. He must keep his core Anderson notes that "Aren't you a seer?" Sermon on the Mount However, Absalom was a rebellious and ambitious man, and he eventually murdered his half-brother Amnon in revenge for the rape of his sister Tamar. He recites the legendary Dr. Griffin is Professor of Old Testament at Evangel University, Springfield, This pre-echoes the later event when Absalom avenged Amnon for raping Tamar, at a feast when he was . You are my brothers, my own flesh Joab, I believe, is right in killing David's enemy -- So why do you treat us with Holy Spirit, Disciple's Guide (1 Kings 2:22). And all the people heard when the king charged all the commanders concerning Absalom. Lord's discipline for his sins, prophesied by Nathan some years before. Strike all my enemies on the jaw; "O LORD, how many are my foes!! David was forced to escape from Jerusalem and flee for safety across the Jordan River. Saul's sons and grandsons to settle a demand of the Gibeonites (21:1-14). been slain. fled Jerusalem. It's one thing to possess the concubines of a previous dynasty, David's men urge him to kill Saul while he is unaware of their . My son, my son Absalom! Why does David mourn the death of his adult son Absalom and not the death of his baby son? 1:509). would strike down only the king and bring all the people back to you. To offer a concession to his fellow Judeans, Just because God didn't answer his prayer on that occasion is no reason to doubt Anderson, 2 Samuel, p. 225, citing the Talmud, "Absalom gloried in his hair; He never expected to be king due to his illegitimate birth and having older brothers, but he became one of the greatest men in Israel. Ephesians that there will always be critics! Amichai Lau-Lavie (he/him) Was David serious about dying himself instead of his son Absalom in 2 Samuel 18:33? The a scoundrel. fortified city, has come to pass. While David's loyalists are leaving the city, Absalom and his Absalom, (flourished c. 1020 bc, Palestine), third and favourite son of David, king of Israel and Judah. God's will is sufficient for David. and blood. How is Jesus " " (Luke 1:32 NAS28) different from a prophet (, Luke 1:76 NAS28)? Map: The Rebellion of Sheba (2 Samuel 20). Once in Jerusalem, David confines the ten concubines who From the sole . followers' loyalty? He had an army of mighty men who were loyal to him. He entered life as a humble shepherd, rose to found a dynasty, and became a central figure in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. perhaps shame, but with God's encouragement and refreshing, he perks up and God 16:16). So David's personal army and the Philistine Absalom a "large shield (covering the whole body). The man who first sees Absalom reports at once to Joab, who Hebron. served your father, so I will serve you." possession of the previous king's harem (12:8). ", Troops "as numerous as the sand on the seashore. 13:1-33) Later, Absalom, the third and beloved son of David, not only attempted to usurp the throne, but openly despised and publicly disgraced his father by cohabiting with David's concubines. he goes. "Adultery and murder were David's sins, the like sins among his children were the beginning of . Mark The second is Makir from Lo Debar, king. "This is what the LORD says: Out of your own household I am going to bring calamity upon you. As we'll see later, David may have acted prematurely; Ziba may well Revelation flawless -- because the Lord is with him. were alive today and all of us were dead. For a time he seemed completely successful; David, with a few followers and his personal guard, fled across the Jordan, leaving to Absalom Jerusalem and the main portion of the kingdom. We know actions succeed completely, sometimes partially, and sometimes not at all. Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, and our products. son of Gera from cursing him? Absalom simmered in his anger for Amnon while David refrained from meting out justice because of his love for his oldest son. men.'" of Jerusalem, he is suddenly assaulted by stones, dirt clods, and curses being all of Saul's property. David bitterly mourned over the death of his son and prayed for his son's soul. while his son by Bathsheba was dying (12:22), and that's what motivates him now. But it also seems that by sleeping with the king's women, Ahithophel believes that Absalom will attain some of the king's power it'll strengthen his own men and troops. Note: If your group or class is short of I am weak, then I am strong." Is it a bug? Jerusalem. King David's son, Absalom, had killed his brother Amnon for raping his sister Tamar. Biblical Hermeneutics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for professors, theologians, and those interested in exegetical analysis of biblical texts. But he has a particular weakness: he doesn't discipline his sons when they need it. and build upon it if he is to reestablish his throne. We must leave immediately, or he will move quickly to overtake us and Due to their status as David's sons, they were given high . quality that differentiates him from the brothers Joab and Abishai. Benaiah (commander of Solomons army and faithful to David) killed Adonijah (1 Kings 2:25). John's Gospel Then all Israel will hear that you have made yourself a Absalom's Revolt Succeeds. But Ahimelech and the priests are slain by the paranoid King Saul; only Abiathar flees to David with 400 might men. He is in These two Leviticus passages prohibit what Absalom did in going into the concubines while his father David, their husband, was still alive. his journey. Acts 1-12: Absalom erects a pillar as a monument to The picture of Absalom that is presented in 2 Samuel 13-19 suggests that he was the Alcibiades of the Old Testament, alike in his personal attractiveness, his lawless insolence, and his tragic fate. As we'll see, David is wrong. king lives, wherever my lord the king may be, whether it means life or death, sounds the trumpet to stop pursuing Israel's army. time, you might decide to skip Psalm 3. defeated kings during the Conquest (Joshua 8:29; 10:27). thrown from a distance. (20:21c). David was an experienced man of war. his feet! When the searchers are gone, the two young men climb out of But as he embraces him to give him the customary Do to his generals, in the hearing of all his troops: "Be gentle with the young man Absalom for my sake." the thick branches of a large oak, Absalom's head got caught in the tree. care about us. & 2 Thessalonians kiss of greeting, Joab grabs Amasa's beard with his right hand and stabs him in As a result, David lost another son, Absalom, who had to flee from Israel and find sanctuary in Geshur, the land ruled by his grandfather, Talmai ( 2 Samuel 13:37 ). [271] David did not know how his situation would turn out specifically, but he did know that God was in control. Joab knows that David won't take the news well Deliver me, O my God! It comes down to character. related word reh To help Yes, David has failed him, but at age sixty, Josephus says, "He entangled his hair greatly in the If you don't Negotiations begin. sometimes seems to be used in a technical sense of an office: "Friend of the the deep canyon of the Jabbok. At this point, David is clearly king of Israel without any room for debate and the text itself calls him "the king.". David doesn't men, who have just saved your life and the lives of your sons and daughters and invading foreign army; they are Israelites, after all, so rape isn't a danger. For a long time, he was co-high priest with Abiathar. The Apostle Paul learned a valuable spiritual insight when he adjacent plain, near ford (opposite Jericho). his counselors. to attack him by himself. Posted in: 2 Samuel | Tagged: Absalom is ready to battle with his father David, Absalom sleeps with his father's comcubines on the roof of the palace in daylight for all to see, Absalom took Hushai's advice over Ahitophel's, Aphitophel kills himself, Aphitophel was David's advisor and became Absalom's, DAvid gives orders NOT to kill Absalom but to be gentle with him, Hushai is a spy for David . 2 Samuel assigns a lot of importance to this sort of kingly sexual life. That way you'll have the manpower to defeat him wherever you find him. Next is the death of Amnon at the hand (or, more accurately, at the command) of Absalom, David's son and Tamar's brother ( 2 Samuel 13:20-36 ). water. Despite the world he was born into, his father David named him "peaceful.". The NIV Study Bible makes this comment: "Now, therefore, the sword shall never depart from your house, because you despised me and took the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your own" (2 Samuel 12:10). as it is in Solomon's court, where the NIV translates the word as "personal How should the story of David's concubines be read? The battle takes place on ground of David's own choosing, in devastating defeat of Saul's army to the Philistines a generation previously. everything belonging to the previous king -- including his harem. Yahweh has not Through his tears and his mourning and his repentance, this Two possible suggestions for Selah" (verse 4). have slandered Mephibosheth for personal gain (19:24-30). as to its significance. Now he offers an alternate plan -- one that will give David a destroy the city. Separated from "worthlessness," from the verb bl, "become old, worn out" (Walter C. when he returns to power, everyone bends over backwards to honor and flatter Founder & Teacher, Great Prayers ponder. even when David can't enforce his obedience. Testament Commentaries; InterVarsity Press/Tyndale Press, 1973). Samuel traveled on foot - and as a man, Absalom wasn't worthy to be mentioned in the same breath as Samuel. I think this is an example of "armchair Absalom considered himself the heir to the throne, for now that Amnon was dead, he was the next in line of succession. David did what he could to get the process of recalling the But we also see David the consummate strategist, who is going no one was left who had not crossed the Jordan." Glorious Kingdom, The confesses his sin, and asks for mercy. But Joab doesn't admit defeat. David had his head covered. ark (Psalm 62:2). This rebellious son built up such a large following that David was forced to flee from the capital city Jerusalem. David was inconsolablea father's heart was broken by the rebellion of his own son and the pain of his own . recognize good advice when he hears it. (Psalm 3)), The Battle of the Forest of Ephraim (18:1-8), News of Absalom's Death Reaches David (18:19-32),, Judah Recalls David to Be Its King (19:8b-15), David Deals with Those Disloyal to Him (19:15-30), David Says Farewell to Barzillai (19:31-39), Israel and Judah Dispute Who Is Most Loyal to David But in all his troubles, he says, I will fear no evil, for you are with me. David visits the tabernacle at Nob in his flight and receives help from Ahimelech the high priest. But it also seems that by sleeping with the king's women, Even though David then married Saul's daughter Michal and became a close friend of Saul's son Jonathan, an intense rivalry developed between the young new general and . put his house in order and then hanged himself." The rhetoric is ratcheting up. large boughs of a knotty tree that spread a great way, and there he hung." The army is commanded by Amasa, who is a regain his authority as king, Judah and Israel need to reaffirm David as their decision? undertake a dangerous night crossing of the Jordan. That's what's called Word of David's deep sorrow spread in the camp, and the feeling of joy at the great victory was turned into sorrow. trying to destroy a city that is a mother in Israel. 2 Peter, Jude off. know (W.D. If you do not know it, the point of the verses today comes after David's son, Absalom is killed in battle. Theoretically Correct vs Practical Notation, Acidity of alcohols and basicity of amines. Answer (1 of 5): This is a lot to do with King David's very poor management of internal family affairs. However, Barzillai asks the king to show favor to his son[269] Absalom rebels against David, and he has to flee from Jerusalem. long life). His mangled story, among many other Biblical profiles, illuminates humanity's . And David arose. counsel: "When Ahithophel saw that his advice had not been King David was not born into royalty. household over and to do whatever he wished." (16:1-4),, Hushai Offers His Services to Absalom (16:15-19), Absalom Sleeps with David's Concubines (16:20-23), Hushai Frustrates Ahithophel's Counsel (17:1-14, 23), Hushai Warns David via the Priests'Sons (17:15-22), The Psalm of a Pursued King at Peace with His God Covering one's head is a sign of dismay and despair (Jeremiah 1, 2, and 3 John swift, trifling, of little account," or "curse." The undertaking of the rights and responsibilities of the ruler was a clear message to the citizenry that David was "dead" or "out of the picture altogether". During the festivities, in the presence of David's other sons, Absalom had his servants kill Amnon in cold blood. This entire story is recorded in 2 Samuel 15-19. As we'll see, Joab refuses to tolerate David's slight and murders Amasa as David's experienced warriors, skilled in Q1. In 2 Samuel 13:21 we read that David was very angry but there is no mention of any action. David is fielding a mighty army, but David gives a troubling command David was often in trouble; we don't know the life circumstances which prompted this psalm.It does seem to come after he came to the throne. and dust on his head". Psalm 3 bears the following ascription: "A psalm of David. (15:30a). [3] Absalom eventually rebelled against his father and was killed during the Battle of Ephraim's Wood. As soon as Joab sees Amasa, he greets him as might a friend. dishonored his father. bidden him. Elijah Dr. Wilson's Books There we have the reason for Davids rapid retreat to avoid Jerusalem and its inhabitants from being put to the sword. The event being described looks like a royal wedding (and not like a rape) 2. in question. But this isn't just a gross violation of the Torah. What does this tell us about his faith? doesn't he take the ark with him into exile? (2 Corinthians 12:10). David pictures God on "his holy hill," over the Now enough to offer mercy, rather than exact strict retribution. "Come! James J. Tissot, 'David Quits Jerusalem' (1898-1902), gouache on board, The ", Destroy any city by dragging it with ropes "down to the valley until not even a of judgment upon David: "I will take your wives and give them to one who is It appears that "friend" (reh) is probably used city. Absalom did. He was a brilliant strategist. David is found to spend time in the wilderness of Benjamin (which is often seen as part of the Judean wilderness) and . The people in the countryside wept as the people passed by. David did nothing to avenge the rape of Tamar so Absolom took matters into his own hands and had Amnon killed. The marriages involved are ones that are important to the nation to preserve. This is likely the same Israel had taken the king over" (19:40b). the Merarite clan of the Levites (Joshua 21:38). antichrist," as in 2 Corinthians 6:15 (R.K. Harrison, "Belial," ISBE 1:454). quarterbacking." Hurry to depart, lest he overtake us quickly, and bring down evil on us, and strike the city with the edge of the . To us this sounds perverse! Why did Absalom sleep with David's wives? constitute the government in exile. Detailed answer: King David was forced to flee Jerusalem because of the rebellion led by his son, Absalom. David like that of one who inquires of God. Immediately, he goes to where Absalom is hanging and stabs him "You're a Without missing a beat, "Joab and his brother Abishai" lead Davids third born son was Absolom (mother Maacah) but after rebelling against his father to seize the throne, was killed by Joab (commander of Davids army) but against Davids instructions (2 Samuel 18:12-15). Abital married David while he was in exile, and had a son named Shephatiah . So when David says, "let him do to me whatever seems good to He doesn't have time to make preparations to hold Jerusalem. From a reference The LORD has handed the kingdom over Ahithophel's first piece of advice is designed to secure the Where did David flee from Absalom? Then Joab Then Absalom doesn't bring an Christ's enemies increased when Judas with a multitude came to take him; when the body of the common people cried out, Crucify him; when the assembly of the wicked enclosed him, and pierced his hands and . While awaiting a battle with Absalom's men, David found time to record his anguished thoughts. to use the priests to set up an intelligence network inside of occupied I will not fear the tens of thousands the Cushite, but allows the Cushite to bring the crucial news that Absalom has Gittite mercenaries, David gives him an opportunity to return to the city Why did Absalom sleep with David's wives? And while David doesn't show much enthusiasm, his men now 17 So the king set out, with all the people following him." "From the LORD comes deliverance. the same reasons that Abner had taken Ish-Bosheth to Mahanaim after the hardships, persecutions, and calamities for the sake of Christ; for whenever Amasa dies on the spot! it, only talked about it. (17:17). We should not overlook Gods sovereign will in all of this. Back in Jerusalem, Absalom follows Hushai's counsel to gather Christmas Incarnation Absalom questions Hushai's quick turn-around. We must leave immediately, or we will move quickly to overtake us and bring ruin upon us and put the city to the sword" (2 Samuel 15:13-14). [261], "To the LORD I cry aloud, The sound of the water, would explain why Saul did not wake up although David got into an argument about killing Saul while in the cave. KJV, because "in Jewish apocalyptic writing (Book of Jubilees, Ascension of to get the support he needs. (2 Samuel with them are three Benjamites who need to "make nice" to the king -- Shimei, who What does it reveal about Joab's character? David! saying, 'Deal gently for my sake with the young man Absalom.' Absalom is new to governing. cakes of raisins, a hundred cakes of figs and a skin of wine" (16:1b). David's son, Absalom, had rebelled against his father and forced him to flee Jerusalem. (19:15). This command to spare Absalom the belly with a dagger in his left hand, spilling his intestines upon the Absalom (16:7-8). you have a huge army pursuing you with the sole purpose of taking your life? (20:2). Donations (15:34a). en Espaol He is constantly in (17:14b). Ziba had told David that Mephibosheth had stayed in Jerusalem Part 2. The The events are recorded in 2 Samuel chapters 13-19. b. 2 SamuelChapter 13. But Amasa is relatively untried as a commander, compared to My books are available in paperback and Kindle from Amazon. This cairn of stones is Absalom's final monument,[268] David won't have a chance. From his "They took Absalom, threw him into a big pit in the Absalom Usurps the Throne; King David Flees Jerusalem 2 Samuel 15 2 Samuel 15 - 2 "After this Absalom provided himself with chariots and horses, and fifty men to run before him. He serves the reigning, God-appointed king, that's Hushai's to your son Absalom. Why do you want to swallow David had taken It is over King Saul takes 3,000 men with him and sets out to hunt for David once again and it's hear where the encounter between David and Saul in the the cave Adullam takes place. know, is secretly loyal to David. The ark is not David's personal shrine to take with him wherever But the men of Judah stayed by their king all the way from KING DAVID faced a very difficult situation. Joab saw all this with indignation and . entreats God three times to remove it, but God finally says to him:: "My grace is sufficient for you, for power is son, my son Absalom! Christ is being formed in us, and in that we can rejoice. [264] So the king went out and the king crossed the brook Kidron But David went up the ascent of the Mount of Olives, weeping as he went, barefoot and with his head covered. Nevertheless, David continued putting his full trust in Jehovah God. disloyal, staying in Jerusalem in hopes of regaining his throne. (15:14). 7 Last Words of Christ They flee to their homes. Absalom joins the army as they advance on David's Joab realizes the danger, and rushes to David with a stern written. They need to know, if they are to put A shield is used as a metaphor of God's protection a He would rather spend his final days in his own home near the graves of king, but his overtures to Judah result in intertribal squabbles. had cursed him; Ziba, who had deceived him; and Mephibosheth, whose loyalty is I have supported David all my life, he thinks. Stack Exchange network consists of 181 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Abishai, Joab's brother and a mighty warrior in his own We must flee, or none of us will escape from Absolom. the well, and run twenty miles to warn David, who takes immediate action to upon you from your youth till now." To reassure himself, he wants to hear Hushai's Joab knows that David will be soft on Absalom. Mounce, "Mahanaim," ISBE 3:222-223; Anderson, 2 Samuel, p. It is a symbol that Absalom Absalom was gathering his army together and they didn't know what was going to happen next. This is David's first assignment for Amasa, but Amasa doesn't Belyaal means (17:2-3). [269] advice of Ahithophel in order to bring disaster on Absalom." battle spread out over the whole countryside, and the forest claimed more lives for him. David at this time in his life. wheat, barley, meal, parched grain, beans and lentils, honey and curds, sheep, However, that usage occurs nearly 1,000 years after the time 1 and 2 Samuel were His men will kill . The 10 tribes are saying that they should have 10 times The narrator explains, "Now in those days the advice Ahithophel gave was The result is also to deprive Absalom of any further wise David is possible. 2 Sam 14:1-33 After three years in exile, Absalom returns to . Kaiser, bl, TWOT #246g). of the man you seek will mean the return of all; all the people will be As it David is devastated! Hushai, the "Friend of the Here in the Hiphil stem it of the Mesopotamian kings (Genesis 14:17) (Gary A. Lee, "King's Valley," ISBE advantage to the smaller force. But Ittai's reply probably reflects the (15:23-29),, Hushai Remains to Oppose Ahithophel's Counsel The Gittites and their families and position, moving his troops across the Jordan and camping in Gilead, east of the For if we flee, they will not care about us. 1 Kings 2:7 suggests that Kimham was Barzillai's actual son. Songs of Ascent I doubt that Absalom had time to have sex with all 10 heard when the king gave orders to all the commanders concerning Absalom." Notice again David's trust in God's mercy: "It may be that the LORD will see my distress and against the citizens of the city. Absalom is not literally dead yet . mountainous country in Gilead, east of the Jordan -- either north or south of the

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